The Son of Abraham, The Son of David: Dec. 4
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, and Jesse the father of David the king.And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon. And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel,and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations. Matthew 1:1-17
Why read a family tree!? Of course, any family tree is boring if we don’t feel any connection to the names on the list. But this list of names has some very important names on it. Did you notice that at the very beginning Jesus is described as the Son of Abraham and the Son of David? These are important names for Jesus to have in His family background. To be a Son of Abraham meant that Jesus was the heir to the promise that God would bless all the nations through Abraham’s offspring. To be the Son of David meant that Jesus was heir to God’s promise to David that He would have a Son sit forever on his royal throne.
So this family tree is meant to communicate that all of God’s promises to Abraham for the future and all of God’s promises to David about His kingly Son can be fulfilled in Jesus Christ. But more than that—this family tree is filled with examples of God’s faithfulness to His people in spite of their helplessness and their failure. In just a few short verses, Matthew reminds his readers that the coming of Jesus Christ, the Son of Abraham, the Son of David, is both desperately needed because of the sinful past of God’s people, and miraculously merciful because God has been moving throughout all of those generations.
When we read this family tree, we are reminded of all the hopes that Israel had for a Son of David, and a Son of Abraham. We are reminded that those from other nations can enjoy these promises like Rahab and Ruth. We are reminded that God has kept His promises in spite of sinners like Judah and Manasseh. And as readers of the gospel of Matthew, we are filled with anticipation that God’s faithfulness has come to fulfillment in the person of Jesus Christ.